Gabon, located on the west coast of Africa, is one of the region's most stable countries. It is bordered by Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, and the Republic of Congo to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. With a population of 1.6 million over a surface area of 268,000 square kilometers, Gabon is a sparsely populated country with forests covering 85% of the territory. Because of its oil and mineral reserves and a relatively small population, Gabon is one of Africa's wealthier nations, which is able to protect and preserve its pristine rain forests with a rich biodiversity. The country possesses one of the highest urbanization rates in Africa with more than four in five Gabonese citizens living in urban areas.

Gabon is also known to issue beautiful commemorative coins.