Located in east-central Africa, Rwanda borders the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Tanzania, and Burundi. This densely-populated, landlocked, developing country is mostly covered by steep mountains and deep valleys. Rwanda is striving to rebuild its economy, with coffee and tea production being among its main sources of foreign exchange. Its tourist economy is centered around tracking endangered mountain gorillas in Volcanoes National Park known for its impressive tropical rainforest and volcanic scenery.

As a modern coin issuer, Rwanda is famous for its unique Lunar coins dedicated to the animals of the Chinese Zodiac calendar.