The fifth largest country in the world, both in terms of territory and population, Brazil is one of the most diverse and fascinating countries of South America. Bordered by Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Colombia, Bolivia, Peru, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay, it also possesses an extensive coastline that stretches for more than 4 600 miles. The territory is naturally diverse comprising rainforests and jungles, coastline and towering mountains, rivers and rolling plains. As a result, Brazil is home to a rich array of fauna and flora.

As a modern coin issuer and the Host Country of the 2014 FIFA World Cup, Brazil is basically known for its coins dedicated to the major sporting event of 2014.